back

Lithuanian national costume photography exhibition

Exhibition
free of charge
Event date
2020-06-05 To 2020-07-05

about

The exhibition presents photos of the collection of national costumes of the Lithuanian National Cultural Center. The suits were made in 2003. and for the first time to show at the Song Festival events of the same year. Most of the reconstructed costumes seen here were repeatedly copied by various manufacturers and managed to spread widely.

In Lithuania, villagers generally wore traditional clothing until about the 19th century. in the seventies. Later, urban fashion clothes began to be salted more and more often on Sundays. XX a. At the beginning of the 19th century, local, but already closer to the city fashion, variants of folk costumes were still worn in Dzūkija and Klaipėda region. Elsewhere, only isolated practical (e.g., large woolen scarves, gloves) or custom-related (e.g., ribbons) traditional clothing items were used.

The beauty of the folk costume of the past departed Sunday was inherited by his successor - the national costume, which has become an important symbol of the nation, a reflection of the ancestry of our ancestors and their artistic taste.

In Lithuania, the creation of national costumes started quite late, only in the 19th century. and the twentieth century. at the junction. As full-fledged traditional clothing was no longer worn in the villages at that time, it became a daunting challenge to recreate it. The desire and affair to wear national costumes at the beginning greatly exceeded the process of collecting authentic rural clothing, establishing museums, and research. In addition, there have been a number of times when costume designers were more interested in creative rework, rather than historical precision, created by adapting to modern fashions or the specific requirements of the scene. XX a. In the last decades, the widespread adoption of stylized national costumes in Lithuania created a sharp need to revive the connection necessary for this dress with historical folk clothes, a real, artistically very valuable heritage.

The costumes seen in the photographs were made by copying traditional, mostly preserved in museums, from the 19th century. rural holiday clothes. In most cases, efforts have been made to restore those whose fragments and pieces have survived, as well as those found abroad or otherwise less well-known. Of course, the clothes that have been well known to everyone for a long time and attracted the attention of many artists have been used - they were deservedly considered the most beautiful. Some elements of the costume have been additionally restored based on iconographic and written sources published by folk costume researchers and other supporting material. Efforts were made to identify and select the most characteristic examples, including the most artistically valuable ones, to highlight the uniqueness of each ethnographic region.