The exhibition presents the national costume collection of the Lithuanian National Cultural Center. Costumes made in 2003 and show for the first time at the same year's Song Festival events. The photographs were prepared and used to illustrate the book "Lithuanian National Costume" (published by Baltos lankos, 2006, 2008). This publication completed the program for the reconstruction of the folk costume of the Lithuanian National Cultural Center (the Lithuanian Folk Culture Center) for a number of years. At the beginning of the 19th century, the style of Lithuanian national costume was significantly pushed as far as possible in the traditional 19th century. towards the copying of rural clothing. Most of the reconstructed costumes seen here have been copied several times by various manufacturers and have spread widely.
In Lithuania, traditional clothes were worn by the villagers until about the 19th century. in the 1970s. Later on, the city's fashion clothes were increasingly embroidered with sundries. XX century At the beginning of the 19th century local, but already closer to the city fashion, folk costume variants were still worn in Dzūkija and Klaipėda region. Elsewhere, only single practical (eg large woolen shawls, gloves) or traditional clothing items (such as tapes) were used.
The legacy of the past Sunday's folk costume was inherited by its successor, the national costume, which became an important symbol of the nation, reflecting the greatness of our ancestors and their artistic taste.
In Lithuania, national costumes began to develop quite late, only in the 19th century. and the 20th century at the junction. As the traditional traditional clothing in villages at that time is no longer dragging, it has been a challenge to restore them. The desire and the need to wear national costumes initially outpaced the process of collecting authentic country clothes, setting up museums, and researching. In addition, there have been a number of periods when the costume designers were more interested in creative recyclings, adapted to contemporary fashion or specific stage requirements, rather than historical accuracy. XX century In the last decades, the generalization of stylized national costumes in Lithuania has led to a sharp need to revitalize this dress with the historical folk costumes, a true, artistic, highly valuable heritage.
The costumes seen in the photographs were made by copying traditional, mostly in 19th century museums. villagers outfit. In many cases, attempts have been made to restore those fragments that remain only fragments, as well as those found abroad or less well known. Of course, the clothes, which have been well known and well known by many artists, have been used for a long time - they were deservedly considered the most beautiful. Some costume items are reproduced on the basis of iconographic and written sources published by folk costume researchers and other supporting materials. Efforts have been made to identify and select the most characteristic examples, including those of artistic value, to highlight the specificity of each ethnographic region.
Reconstructed costumes were photographed by Rymantas Penkauskas, who has long been anxiously collecting corners of Lithuanian landscapes, helping to reveal the colors and shapes of traditional clothing. These photos are well appreciated at international exhibitions: 2009 At the UNESCO-sponsored International Humanity Photo Awards in China, the Jury received the Jury Prize for the creation and performance of the Lithuanian national costume photography concept.